Want Agents to Read Your Novel? Do This First

by Suzannah Windsor Freeman

Literary agent reading book

Today’s article is written by Suzannah Windsor Freeman, founding editor.

With the new year here, many of us have manuscripts we’re itching to get out there into the world of submissions.

Perhaps, over the holidays, you polished off the book you wrote during NaNoWriMo, and now you want to get it in front of an agent. Or maybe your goal for 2012 was to write a novel, and your goal for 2013 is to find representation for it.

If you’ve been writing for many years, this might be the best course of action. But, if you’re a new-ish writer—maybe this is your very first novel—you could be forgetting a very important ingredient in this write book + submit book = find agent equation.

Let’s take a look at a successful novelist who once found herself where you might be at the moment.

A Great Manuscript Isn’t the Only Factor

The best thing you can do to increase your chance of being picked up by a literary agent is to write one truly awesome book. But, there are many other factors involved in whether or not your novel gets the attention it deserves.

Over at Writer Unboxed, author Eleanor Brown (The Weird Sisters), tells the story of how she struggled to have her first novel manuscript even read by agents, because she had no prior publications to her name. There was nothing to distinguish this highly talented writer’s query letter from the hoards of others crowding agents’ inboxes.

So, she stepped back from her novel and decided to focus on shorter pieces for a while. Once she had a portfolio of credits behind her, Eleanor’s query letter began to catch a few eyes. In the end, she found the perfect agent to represent her work. Once published by Penguin, The Weird Sisters hit the New York Times Bestseller list.

Eleanor says:

“[…] [N]ot only will writing shorter work help give your writing focus and clarity, it will give you the list of publication credits you need to effectively query agents to get your magnum opus published.”

In my own experience, taking a couple of years to focus on short fiction has made me recognize just how unskilled my writing was, when I was completely focused on writing a novel to the exclusion of everything else. I do intend to get back to book-length fiction at some point, but when I do, agents will be more likely to see me as a serious and skilled writer because of my previous publishing history.

Be Seen as a Serious Writer This Year

Building a portfolio of your work is important. Not only is it important for you in terms of enhancing your credibility as a writer, it’s also important to help boost your confidence and to force you to keep growing as you make your way toward larger goals.

Shorter pieces of writing can include:

  • Micro fiction/flash fiction/short fiction/novellas
  • Poetry/prose poetry
  • Creative nonfiction/personal essays
  • Nonfiction articles/guest posts

Here’s a challenge for you. Why not commit yourself to doubling your previous writing credits this year?

That may sound easy, but I’m not talking abou getting yourself published in the quickest, easiest places possible. Anyone can get something published somewhere, so be a little choosy about where you submit your work.

If you have no previous publishing credits, aim to write and publish one piece this year, at a reputable print or online journal, magazine, or newspaper. (Yes, I’m aware that zero doubled is still zero, but humour me).

If you have two, go for four. Five? Aim for 10!

And if you have 10, think about whether you want to continue writing shorter pieces, or whether you’re ready to try—or get back into—longer forms.

But, not everyone wants or needs to write a novel, so don’t feel obliged. The short form can be just as successful and fulfilling, depending on the writer.

Expand Your Writing Portfolio

Building a portfolio doesn’t have to take you years on end. Here are some tips for scoring more credits in less time:

  • Write shorter pieces. Instead of always writing short stories of about 3000 words, aim to write three flash fiction pieces of about 1000 words, and send them to different journals.
  • Target journals with quick response times. Look for journals that respond to submissions in eight weeks or less, but also choose ones that are still competitive and look good in your portfolio.
  • Try prose poems. For those who generally dislike poetry, the prose poem [defined by Encyclopaedia Britannica as “a work in prose that has some of the technical or literary qualities of a poem (such as regular rhythm, definitely patterned structure, or emotional or imaginative heightening) but that is set on a page as prose”] could be the antidote.
  • Target audio journals for recordings of previously published fiction. Not all journals publish your work in print. Audio recordings are a great way to get yourself a second credit without writing another word.
  • Target journals and anthologies that accept reprints for previously published fiction. There aren’t many journals that accept reprints, but there are a few out there you can try. Anthologies, however, are usually open to reprints, and there are always calls for submissions available on the Internet.
  • Don’t keep submitting to the same journal once you’ve been published there. What looks better: having five stories published in the same magazine, or five stories published in five different ones? By publishing your stories in different places, you’re effectively proving that multiple editors are convinced of your talent.
  • Try to send out a submission once each week. Maybe you won’t have a new piece to submit each week, but re-submitting rejected pieces continuously means you’ll always have something out there, and always have the chance of an acceptance.

Whatever you do, don’t give up–there are thousands of places to publish your work. And, once you have at least one piece published, getting others published does become slightly easier.

Consider the Power of Three

Numbers can be powerful, and perhaps the most powerful number is three.

I’ve always been of the opinion that three top-notch publishing credits is all you need—although you’ll probably amass more than three credits in your quest to achieve them. Consider the difference between the following query samples:

My short fiction has appeared in Fiddlywords, Juicy Literature, Aspiring Authorz, Journey to the Center of Your Mind, Papercuts, Silly Stories, Frightening Tales, and others.


My short fiction has appeared in Glimmer Train, Ploughshares, One Story, and others.

Being published in small, not very well-known journals  (those titles were entirely made up, by the way, although they might actually exist) is still great, but given the choice between including a laundry list of credits at lesser-known journals, or listing just three at highly esteemed magazines, I think you know which is more likely to catch eyes.

Also, did you catch the ‘and others’ bit? Maybe you’ve been published in just three well-known journals, but also have smaller credits. Will the agent know that those ‘others’ aren’t published in equally impressive journals? They may suspect, but that little phrase can add a bit of mystery to your query. And, by keeping your list short but powerful, you’ll look more confident and less like you’re trying hard to look experienced.

Of course, if you’re writing a horror novel, you’re going to want to list credits from the top horror journals out there. If you’re writing science fiction, you’ll want to target the big names within that genre. Think about what type of agent you’re after, what type of novel you want to write (or have written), and what type of short credits are going to be most impressive.

Remember There Are Always Exceptions

I must mention this. Because if I don’t, someone else is sure to.

There are always exceptions.

Novelists do get picked out of the slush pile with no previous experience. Or they connect with an agent at a writing conference  or workshop, and have their manuscript requested that way.

Not everyone must write short fiction or publish in journals before they are able to find representation. Former literary agent Nathan Bransford once said:

“If you don’t have publishing credits: do not worry. They’re not necessary. The ranks of people who have been published without a single credit to their name are legion.”

That could be you.

But, if you find yourself in a place, like Eleanor Brown did, where no agent will give your amazing manuscript a second glance, then building a portfolio of shorter writing credits may be just the thing you need. (Or, you might decide to just skip the traditional system and self-publish, which is a viable option these days.)

More writing, more experience, and more credibility certainly can’t hurt, no matter where you want to end up.

Do you see yourself as strictly a novelist, or do you also focus on shorter pieces? How do you feel the short form has helped move you closer to your larger-scale goals?

  • http://guilie-castillo-oriard.blogspot.com/ Guilie

    Great piece, and great advice. I’ve always thought that more novelists should write shorter fiction, if only as an exercise. Short stories force us to focus on the important bits, cut away the extraneous detail that us novelists are so fond of, hone our language and imagery. The publication credit issue clinches it for me. Thanks for a great post!

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      Thanks, Guilie! Writing a short story is very different from writing a novel, but they’re still great to build your writing skills. And maybe like me, writers will find that once they start writing short fiction, they really enjoy it!

  • http://storycartel.com Joe Bunting

    Good post, Suzannah. I just submitted a slew of short fiction yesterday. Fingers crossed.

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      Oooh, I love that feeling of just having sent out some submissions. Don’t like the waiting to hear back about them, though! Good luck, Joe!

  • http://annerallen.blogspot.com Anne R. Allen

    This is so wise. I hope it will go viral. An overwhelming majority of new writers go straight to novels. I sure did. But it wasn’t until I got short fiction and essays published that I got taken seriously.

    EVERY writer should be working at getting credits–not only ones who are hoping to get agents. I wrote a blogpost on the importance of short fiction last year, and I got a barrage of self-published short story writers wanting to guest post for me about how “fulfilling” it was to self-publish a bunch of amateur short stories. Totally missing my point. If you get short stories published by a journal where the fiction is vetted, that gives customers a signal that all your fiction: self or trad pubbed, has the stamp of approval of somebody other than your mom. This is a great, nicely argued post. Thanks!

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      Anne, thanks so much for your thoughts! I agree that all writers can benefit from short fiction, whether or not they NEED it to get a novel published, or are looking for an agent. What is there to lose, really?

  • http://wonderlandianchronicles.blogspot.com kcclamb

    I find myself more of a novelist. I try writing short stories, but I don’t seem to ever be able to keep it short. And if it is short, it amounts to only a few paragraphs. When I have done acceptable length short-stories, it was because it was filling in blanks on a previously published story (aka NOT MY published story). I also have tried past tense OR third person OR both. I always revert back to first person, present tense. And it drives me crazy. I know there are great stories in my head, I just can’t seem to ever get them done because of the view point. 😛

    There I go again, overstepping the questions asked. Sorry.

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      It’s certainly not easy, at first, to get the long form out of your head if that’s what you’re used to. But honestly, it gets so much easier after the first one or two. A lot of contemporary short stories are in present tense, either first or third person, so don’t worry too much about it. Use the point of view that works best for your particular story, and you won’t have too many complaints.

  • http://mkinnel.com Melissa Kinnel

    I’m working on some short fiction that I plan on submitting to various publications for just this reason. I’ve come to the conclusion that this will help me with my writing and, if anything is published, will give me some credibility before moving on with a novel.

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      Melissa, it’s wonderful to hear that you’re thinking about building your credibility before moving on with a novel. You can only become more skilled and confident, not less!

  • https://twitter.com/krissycabeen Krissy Cabeen

    Thanks for these insights, Suzannah! My 2013 goals include submitting short fiction… for all the reasons you mentioned. The first piece is ‘due’ 1/31 and I’ve been eyeballing my ‘resting’ novel, itching to get back to it. This post will help keep me focused on the short piece. I definitely prefer writing short fiction for skill / technique practice as opposed to writing exercises. Is that horrible? Thanks again and Happy 2013 to you and Write it Sideways community!

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      Great to hear from you, Krissy! The painful-but-necessary thing about taking a bit of time off to write short fiction is this: when you do dive back into your novel, you’ll see numerous ways to improve the language, flow, dialogue, etc.. This is a bit of a curse, because it means you’ll want to edit your novel again, possibly after you thought it was already ‘done’! But it’s also a blessing because your novel will be that much more polished when you submit it to agents. Good luck!

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  • surinderleen

    Thanks! You are going to create a new genre of short stories that has been lost in past. I am already cycling towards it and I have gotten success in it as my story has published in leading magazine in Juanuary 2013. A great novelist said that short stories give pause and rest after writing, editing a novel.
    It is like jogging to pause for a while for again start running! It is healthy!

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      I think the short form is definitely gaining popularity again, especially given how busy we all are these days. Congratulations on having one of your stories published! That’s fantastic!

  • http://sharonsettle.wordpress.com Sharon Settle

    Good advice as always Suzannah.
    I would add the use of blogging as a good tool to help agents and editors take notice of you as a writer.
    Having a blog of your own and commenting regularly on others shows publishing professionals that you may have a built in audience for your work as well as being in tune to current industry topics and trends.

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      I agree, Sharon. Blogging is a great tool to help you connect with other writers, agents and editors. But, the even the best ‘writing bloggers’ can be terrible writers of fiction, so working toward being the most skilled writer you can be is still important. A blog, however, can help you showcase your skill—for example, I have a portfolio page linked to Write It Sideways. Thanks!

  • http://www.benisonanneoreilly.com Benison O’Reilly

    Funny you should write this now, Suzannah. That’s what I’ve been doing lately, as my second novel has been slow going. I’ve had several short pieces published in the last year, admittedly all non-fiction, but I do have a distinctive voice and in a small market such as Australia I’m hoping this extra exposure will make a difference when I eventually look for a publisher/agent for this novel. maybe I should think about short-fiction – never considered it!

    • http://writeitsideways.com Suzannah Windsor Freeman

      Benison, it’s great to hear from you! I’ve been meaning to send you an email, actually, so watch your inbox…

      I know you’ve written and published a significant amount of nonfiction, and a novel. Perhaps publishing short fiction in some of the leading Australian lit mags would better help build your name as contemporary writer of fiction. Exciting!

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  • http://hawleyville.wordpress.com Pam

    Thank you so much for this piece. It was a much-needed reminder for me. I started writing seriously again a few years ago after years of “some-daying,” and I did start with shorter pieces. In 2011 and 2012, I was successful in getting 2 short stories and 2 nonfiction pieces published. I worked on finding them homes around writing my first novel. I’ve been looking at 2013 as the year that I’ll edit my novel and seek representation, and have completely forgotten about 2 short stories still sitting homeless on my computer. Or, more accurately, I’ve been thinking “I’ll go back to trying to work with them AFTER I deal with the book.” This is making me rethink that, since I really feel these two shorts are prime examples of my writing style and would help define me as a new writer. They’ll be getting the attention they deserve : ).

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